Ives, Frederic Eugene


Ives, Frederic Eugene
[br]
b. 17 February 1856 Litchfield, Connecticut, USA
d. 27 May 1937 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
[br]
American printer who pioneered the development of photomechanical and colour photographic processes.
[br]
Ives trained as a printer in Ithaca, New York, and became official photographer at Cornell University at the age of 18. His research into photomechanical processes led in 1886 to methods of making halftone reproduction of photographs using crossline screens. In 1881 he was the first to make a three-colour print from relief halftone blocks. He made significant contributions to the early development of colour photography, and from 1888 he published and marketed a number of systems for the production of additive colour photographs. He designed a beam-splitting camera in which a single lens exposed three negatives through red, green and blue filters. Black and white transparencies from these negatives were viewed in a device fitted with internal reflectors and filters, which combined the three colour separations into one full-colour image. This device was marketed in 1895 under the name Kromskop; sets of Kromograms were available commercially, and special cameras, or adaptors for conventional cameras, were available for photographers who wished to take their own colour pictures. A Lantern Kromskop was available for the projection of Kromskop pictures. Ives's system enjoyed a few years of commercial success before simpler methods of making colour photographs rendered it obsolete. Ives continued research into colour photography; his later achievements included the design, in 1915, of the Hicro process, in which a simple camera produced sets of separation negatives that could be printed as dyed transparencies in complementary colours and assembled in register on paper to produce colour prints. Later, in 1932, he introduced Polychrome, a simpler, two-colour process in which a bipack of two thin negative plates or films could be exposed in conventional cameras. Ives's interest extended into other fields, notably stereoscopy. He developed a successful parallax stereogram process in 1903, in which a three-dimensional image could be seen directly, without the use of viewing devices. In his lifetime he received many honours, and was a recipient of the Royal Photographic Society's Progress Medal in 1903 for his work in colour photography.
[br]
Further Reading
B.Coe, 1978, Colour Photography: The First Hundred Years, London J.S.Friedman, 1944, History of Colour Photography, Boston. G.Koshofer, 1981, Farbfotografie, Vol. I, Munich.
E.J.Wall, 1925, The History of Three-Colour Photography, Boston.
BC

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ives, Frederic Eugene — ▪ American photographer and inventor born Feb. 17, 1856, Litchfield, Conn., U.S. died May 27, 1937, Philadelphia       American photographer and inventor.       As a boy, Ives was apprenticed to a printer at the Litchfield Enquirer, where he… …   Universalium

  • Frederic Eugene Ives — (* 17. Februar 1856 in Litchfield (Connecticut); † 27. Mai 1937 in Philadelphia) war ein US amerikanischer Fotograf und Erfinder. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Siehe auch 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederic Eugene Ives — Frederick Eugene Ives (1856–1937) was a U.S. inventor, born at Litchfield, Connecticut. In 1874–78 he had charge of the photographic laboratory at Cornell University. He moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where he was one of the founding… …   Wikipedia

  • Ives — ist der Name bzw. Familienname folgender Personen: Ives, englischer Bischof († 1003), begraben in St Ives (Südostengland) St. Ives, einer kornischen Heiligen Burl Ives (1909 1995), US amerikanischer Folk Sänger, Autor und Schauspieler Charles… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ives — There are several people and things named Ives:* Burl Ives, American singer, author, and actor * Charles Ives, U. S. classical music composer * Clarrie Ives, Australian rugby league footballer * Clay Ives, Canadian born American luger * Currier… …   Wikipedia

  • Ives — /uyvz/, n. 1. Burl (Icle Ivanhoe) /berrl ik euhl/, born 1909, U.S. actor and folk singer. 2. Charles Edward, 1874 1954, U.S. composer. 3. Frederic Eugene, 1856 1937, U.S. inventor. 4. James Merritt /mer it/, 1824 95, U.S. lithographer. Cf.… …   Universalium

  • Ives — noun 1. United States composer noted for his innovative use of polytonality (1874 1954) • Syn: ↑Charles Edward Ives • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer 2. United States lithographer who (with his partner Nathaniel Currier) produced thousands of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Frederick Eugene Ives — Frederic Eugene Ives (* 17. Februar 1856 in Litchfield (Connecticut); † 27. Mai 1937 in Philadelphia) war ein US amerikanischer Fotograf und Erfinder. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Siehe auch 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert E. Ives — Herbert Eugene Ives Herbert Eugene Ives (* 21. Juli 1882 in Philadelphia; † 13. November 1953) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker und Erfinder. Herbert E. Ives studierte an der University of Pennsylvania und an der Johns Hopkins University, wo er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herbert E. Ives — Infobox Engineer image size = 150px caption = PAGENAME name = PAGENAME nationality = birth date =July 21, 1882 birth place =Philadelphia, Pennsylvania death date = November 13, 1953 death place = education =University of Pennsylvania spouse =… …   Wikipedia

  • АЙВС Фредерик Юджин — (Ives, Frederic Eugene) (1856 1937), американский изобретатель и фотограф. Родился 17 февраля 1856 близ Личфилда (шт. Коннектикут). В возрасте 11 лет был принят учеником в типографию газеты Личфилд инквайерер . Здесь он обучился искусству… …   Энциклопедия Кольера